Artificial Intelligence: A novel way of ability for disability

“Intelligence is the ability to adapt to change”, were the words of the world’s prominent scientist and writer, Prof. Stephen Hawking. He had to suffer from a devastating situation of his neural disease in an early emerging stage of his career and became paralyzed. However, the disability was failed to stay ahead in his field of cosmology and introducing the world with his groundbreaking research. It became possible only because the automation which was provided by cutting-edge technologies, become his backbone. Thanks to AI, disabled people drastically improve their own lives at the pinnacle of ability where they even can deal with Lucifer of tragic events.

Many branches of AI dramatically influence people who are dealing with any kind of accessibility problem. For example, Computer Vision (CV) and Natural Language Processing (NLP) are working for the visually impaired person. For decades, CV has improved the level of AI so much that object recognition became so easy and has been implemented in many fields like a driverless car, smart home, e-health systems, early disease diagnosis, etc. Similarly, it can also become the eye for visual patients that they can recognize objects and walk fearlessly on the roads. Second, NLP can transform human language to computer understandable form and vice versa, influencing not only blinds but also the people suffering from vocal and hearing diseases. For instance, smart home automation reduced their local mobility so much and they have discovered an assistant for routine works. Alexa, an NLP-based voice recognition system is another example of home automation using which orthopedic disabled can order food even without moving their fingers. Moreover, Ai also has changed the lives of neural patients like autistic children. It is not only empowering their accessing capabilities but also helping neurologists to diagnosis autism at an early stage. Although there is no certified treatment available for autism, the deep learning, branch of Ai is helping to read indications given by an autistic person or even recognize their need by facial impression. Similarly, a hybrid technique of deep learning and NLP is being used for text summarization, caption reading, image acknowledgment, and web accessibility for mental impairments.

Although Ai empowered limitless for impairments, still a big drawback of technology is being out of reach for ordinary people. I will not be wrong if I say that Prof. Hawking was privileged enough to have access to cutting-edge technologies and instruments with tremendous applications. There are still numerous worriers who are fighting with disability and a digital divide too. Researchers, policymakers, and governments should come together for such initiatives that make Tech-for-All.